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Tuesday, February 23, 2021

The 65th Anniversary of DDR National People's Army

The National People's Army (Nationale Volksarmee - NVA, German) were the armed forces of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), East Germany, from 1956 to 1990.The NVA was organized into four branches: the Landstreitkräfte (Ground Forces), the Volksmarine (Navy), the Luftstreitkräfte (Air Force), and the Grenztruppen (Border Troops). The German Democratic Republic (GDR) established the National People's Army on 1 March 1956 (six months after the formation of the West German Bundeswehr) from the Kasernierte Volkspolizei. This formation culminated years of preparation during which former Wehrmacht officers and communist veterans of the Spanish Civil War helped to organize and train paramilitary units of the People's Police. Though the NVA featured a German appearance – including uniforms and ceremonies patterned after older German military traditions – its doctrine and structure showed the strong influence of the Soviet Armed Forces.

Composition soldiers from PGH Effelder.
 

Monday, February 22, 2021

23rd of February - Red Army Day

The Red Army Day, 23 February 1918, has a two-fold historical significance: it was the first day of drafting recruits (in Petrograd and Moscow), and the first day of combat against the occupying Imperial German Army.

Sunday, February 21, 2021

Wehrschach Tak-Tik boardgame

Tak-Tik Wehrschach was a German board game inspired by the game of chess. The aim of the game, which was primarily aimed at Wehrmacht soldiers, was to promote military-strategic thinking. Unlike chess, Tak-Tik Wehr-Schach has 121 squares and 18 Bakelite pieces on each side. The pieces have militant names representative of the game’s era of origin: Infanterie, Hauptfigur, Panzerkampfwagen, Artillerie (flak), Flieger: Jagdflieger and Kampfflieger. In English, they refer to infantry, protagonist, tank, anti-aircraft artillery, and flyers: fighter pilot and combat pilot. Some of the pieces fit the literal translations, while others, such as the Hauptfigur and Jagdflieger, have been represented more symbolically: as a large predatory bird and a winged human, respectively. These piecese can move only vertical or horizontal, but a different number of squares, with the exception of the "Panzerkampfwagen", which might also move like the knight in chess, but without jumping over other pieces. To capture an enemy piece you need to threaten it with two of your pieces instead of just one.
The board is divided through diagonal lines (the main road and the river) and two more lines crossing the 3rd and 9th row indicating walls and two lake tiles which block all movement except for the planes. The game has several ways to win (e.g. capture of the Hauptfigur; destruction of all enemy Infantry; reduction of his fighting power; occupation of his homeland; etc. This, coupled with the two-to-one capture rules makes it even more challenging than Chess. Two editions of the game were published before the war (1937/1938), and a war edition followed in 1941. 





 The Android version is available at Google Play here: 

Saturday, February 20, 2021

Louis & Eduard Lindner toys catalog (1840-1842) - Part 2.

Louis & Eduard Lindner toys catalog (1840-1842) from Deutsches Spielzeugmuseum Sonneberg museum archive.
The catalog (262 colour lithographies) is available here: 

Thursday, February 18, 2021

Wednesday, February 17, 2021

Hausser pea cannon and artillery vehicles

This Hausser (Elastolin) tinplate pea cannon (Erbsenkanone) with an artillery horse drawn drawn carriage was produced in 30s in Germany. The composition soldiers are representing Italian army (Elastolin, Lineol and Durso).