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Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Elizabeth Fort in Cork (Ireland)

Elizabeth Fort is a 17th-century star fort off Barrack Street in Cork, Ireland.Originally built as a defensive fortification on high-ground outside the city walls, the city eventually grew around the fort, and it took on various other roles – including use as a military barracks, prison, and police station. Elizabeth Fort was first built in 1601 on a hill to the south and outside the medieval walls of Cork. This position was chosen because, while the city had relied on Shandon Castle and the city walls for defence since Anglo-Norman times, the development of artillery and the possibility of its deployment on the hills surrounding the city, diminished the potential effectiveness of these defences.The fort was built by Sir George Carew and named after Queen Elizabeth I.

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